Amnesia is one of the most common medical terms we hear daily, especially when we forget a bit of information like where the car keys are or if we locked the back door before leaving the house. The term “Amnesia Management” has a pretty broad scope and can be referred to as a set of methods applied in managing mental disorders of varying proportions. So, what is amnesia? It simply means memory loss.
local man forgets his name… man says it’s either Bob or Todd. Both names were found to be the names of barber shops nearby. local news
The mental condition is often represented differently in different individuals. Some people are unable to remember past memories, some memory losses are mild while some are so severe that it is difficult for new memories to form.
What are the symptoms of Amnesia?
The most obvious symptom of amnesia is memory loss and in some cases, the inability to form new memories. A person with a case of amnesia will find it difficult to retain information no matter how simple they are. Curiously, the individual will still have the ability to speak and maintain fluency in the native language.
What are the types of Amnesia?
Transient Global Amnesia
This type of amnesia is said to come with confusion and distress. It comes and goes randomly, over a period of time and lasts for a few hours. There is usually no memory of the experience after it subsides.
Researchers reported that this may be caused by seizures or poor supply of blood to the brain. This type of amnesia is predominant among the middle-aged adults and senior citizens.
At first, the most recent memories are lost while the older memories are unaffected but with time the condition might deteriorate. Older memories may be lost along the line as well if left unmanaged. Mental disorders such as dementia may contribute to retrograde amnesia.
The sudden blackout caused by alcohol or accidents may lead to anterograde amnesia. It leads to complete memory loss and oftentimes, the inability to form new memories. This happens because the hippocampus (the memory forming part of the brain) is badly damaged.
This is probably the most common kind of amnesia. This type presents with the inability to remember the first 3 to 5 years of one’s life during childhood.
Causes of Amnesia
What causes amnesia? There are quite a number of health conditions and mental disorders that lead to amnesia, some of them are:
Damaged Hippocampus – the Hippocampus is a section of the brain responsible for memory retention and forming. The hippocampus is fragile and can be affected by pressure, toxins, and anoxia.
Anoxia – inadequate distribution of oxygen to the brain can cause Anoxia and lead to temporary loss of memory
Trauma – the build-up of stress or severe trauma can lead to a dissociation reaction where the mind automatically decides to repel information, thoughts and other feelings.
This can also be caused by traumatic injuries to the head, causing concussions. Trauma can lead to forgetting major details such as where one lives or even members of his or her family.
Dementia – dementia is the deterioration of brain functions which sometimes comes with age and other causes. Alzheimer’s disease is one of the most frequent causes of os dementia. Memories are lost through dementia and most of these memories are recently formed, while the old ones may be retained.
Alcoholism – excessive drinking of alcohol can lead to blackouts followed by memory loss or Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. This may lead to difficulty in forming new memories.
Do I have Amnesia?
An easy way to confirm the possibilities of amnesia is by seeking the help of a neurologist. The examination process will consist of questions and physical evaluations to determine the probabilities of amnesia. Other possible tests may include CT scans and MRIs as well as tests for seizures.
Is There a Remedy for Amnesia (Amnesia Management)
The possible cure for some types of amnesia is by tackling the underlying cause of the disorder. Amnesia due to alcoholism is managed by detoxification. Amnesia caused by trauma or injuries may take some months to stabilize however, the doctor may prescribe some medications to help with the healing process.
How to prevent Amnesia
Some causes of amnesia may not be easy to prevent especially those related to sudden accidents; however, those related to chemical toxins such as alcohol can be prevented by moderation. Other ways to prevent amnesia are:
- Staying hydrated
- Eat healthy and exercise
- Avoid the use of drugs and alcohol
- Use protective gears during hazard prone jobs
- Stay mentally active, take up mental challenges